There is more than one kind of IUD. When one of these IUDs is in place, levonorgestrel is continuously released into the uterus. All IUDs have strings attached to the end, so you can check to make sure it is in place. The strings also make it easier for your health care provider to remove the IUD when it is time to take it out.
Out of women using IUDs Typical use: The cost of the IUD and the exam varies. How does my health care provider insert the IUD? Your health care provider HCP will first do a pelvic exam to measure the size, shape, and position of your uterus and other reproductive organs. Next, an antiseptic solution is used to gently clean the vagina and cervix. The IUD will be inserted through the opening of your cervix into your uterus using a special applicator that keeps the IUD flat and closed until it is at the top of your uterus.
You will likely feel some cramping when the IUD is inserted. Do I need to do anything after the IUD has been inserted? At some regularly scheduled times, such as at the end of each monthly menstrual period or any time you feel strange cramping during your period, you should check for the strings inside your vagina.
Do this by inserting a clean finger into your vagina all the way to your cervix. Your health care provider will explain how to check for the strings and may show you with a mirror what it looks like.
They should hang about 2 inches down from your cervix into your vagina. Make sure to schedule a check-up about a month after the IUD has been inserted to make sure it is still in the right place. After this exam, you should get regular check-ups of your IUD every year. How does an IUD prevent pregnancy? An IUD prevents pregnancy by acting like a spermicide stopping or killing sperm by thickening the mucus in the cervix, and by changing the menstrual cycle. When does the IUD start protecting against pregnancy?
If it is inserted during your period, the IUD starts protecting against pregnancy right after your health care provider inserts it.
How effective is the IUD against pregnancy? Does the IUD protect against sexually transmitted infections? The IUD is best used by women who are in a steady relationship with one partner and are unlikely to get a sexually transmitted infection. Can I feel the IUD? Neither you nor your partner should feel the IUD.
If you do, call your health care provider, because the IUD is out of place. However, you will be able to feel the strings attached to the end of the IUD if you place a finger into the vagina. During sexual intercourse, your partner may feel the strings.
Can I do normal activities after the IUD has been inserted? After the IUD is in place in your uterus, you can swim, exercise, use tampons, and have sex after 24 hours. Are there side effects of the IUD? The IUD has some side effects, but not many. You may have uterine cramps like menstrual cramps or a low backache for up to a few weeks after insertion. With the copper IUD ParaGard , you may have increased menstrual bleeding and cramps; these symptoms usually lessen after the first few months as your uterus gets used to the IUD.
Some women have spotting or bleeding between menstrual periods with the IUD. There is a slightly increased risk of infection, called pelvic inflammatory disease PID , during the first 20 days after the IUD is inserted. After that, the risk for PID is very low.
Very rarely, the uterus can be injured when the IUD is inserted. When should I get the IUD removed? It depends on the kind of IUD you have. Copper IUDs can stay in your uterus for up to 10 years. You can get the IUD removed by your health care provider at any time.
A new IUD can be inserted at the time of the removal. As soon as the IUD is removed, you can get pregnant. What if I have problems with the IUD? If you have any problems with the IUD, call your health care provider.
You definitely need to get in touch with your health care provider if: Your risk for getting pregnant after the IUD has been inserted is very low. How do I know if an IUD is right for me? An IUD is a great choice for contraception if you: Although women who have had children are more likely to choose this method, all IUDs can also safely be used by young women who have not had children.
Ask your health care provider if an IUD would be a good birth control method for you.