Paraphilic sexual fantasies in females include sexual sadism, exhibitionism , and pedophilia. Social constructionism predicts that sexual socialisation is a strong predictor of sexual fantasy and that gender differences are the result of social influences.
The theory suggests that this mating strategy may have been advantageous for our female ancestors, such that affiliation with a high status male increases offspring survival rate via protection and provision. Their sample consisted of 30 gay men and lesbians, and they found that the five most common fantasies for homosexual men were images of sexual anatomy primarily the penis and buttocks , forced sexual encounters, an idyllic setting for sex, group sex, and sex with women.
A study found that homosexual men preferred unspecified sexual activity with other men, oral sex, and sex with another man not previously involved. In both studies, homosexual and heterosexual men shared similar fantasies, but with genders switched. It found that when compared to heterosexual male fantasies, homosexual males were more focused on exploratory, intimate, and impersonal fantasies.
There were no differences in sadomasochistic fantasies. In general, there was little difference in the top fantasies of homosexual versus heterosexual males. At the time of the study, homosexuality was illegal. In gender-specific findings, homosexual women had more fantasies about specific parts of a woman face, breasts, clitoris, vagina, buttocks, arms or hair , while heterosexual women had more fantasies about specific parts of a man's body face, penis, buttocks, arms or hair.
Homosexual women also had more fantasies of "delighting many women"; there was no significant difference when subjects were asked if they fantasized about delighting many men. There was no significant difference in responses to questions that were not gender-specific. Some studies have found that women tend to fantasize about being forced into sex more commonly than men. Other studies have found the theme, but with lower frequency and popularity.
However, these female fantasies in no way imply that the subject desires to be raped in reality—the fantasies often contain romantic images where the woman imagines herself being seduced , and the male that she imagines is desirable. Most importantly, the woman remains in full control of her fantasy. The fantasies do not usually involve the woman getting hurt.
Conversely, some women who have been sexually victimized in the past report unwanted sexual fantasies, similar to flashbacks of their victimization. They are realistic, and the woman may recall the physical and psychological pain involved. A study by Moreault and Follingstad was consistent with this hypothesis, and found that women with high levels of sex guilt were more likely to report fantasy themed around being overpowered, dominated, and helpless.
In contrast, Pelletier and Herold used a different measure of guilt and found no correlation. Other research suggests that women who report forced sex fantasies have a more positive attitude towards sexuality, contradicting the guilt hypothesis.
Additionally, it said that force fantasies are clearly not the most common or the most frequent. Sebastian has historically been depicted as both a religious icon and a figure of covert sexual fantasy Social views on sexual fantasy and sex in general differ throughout the world.
The privacy of a person's fantasy is influenced greatly by social conditions. Because of the taboo status of sexual fantasies in many places around the world, open discussion—or even acknowledgment—is forbidden, forcing fantasies to stay private. In more lax conditions, a person may share their fantasies with close friends, significant others, or a group of people with whom the person is comfortable.
The moral acceptance and formal study of sexual fantasy in Western culture is relatively new. Prior to their acceptance, sexual fantasies were seen as evil or sinful, and they were commonly seen as horrid thoughts planted into the minds of people by "agents of the devil". Sigmund Freud suggested that those who experienced sexual fantasies were sexually deprived or frustrated or that they lacked adequate sexual stimulation and satisfaction.
Others believe that St Paul includes fantasy when he condemns works of the flesh such as "immorality" or "uncleanness". Despite the Western World's relatively lax attitudes towards sexual fantasy, many people still feel shame and guilt about their fantasies. This may contribute to personal sexual dysfunction ,  and regularly leads to a decline in the quality of a couple's sex life.
In general, men and women are equally represented in samples of those who felt guilt about their fantasies. The most notable exception was found in a study that showed that women felt more guilt and disgust about their first sexual fantasies. In women, greater guilt about sex was associated with less frequent and less varied sexual fantasies, and in men, it was associated with less sexual arousal during fantasies. Studies that examined guilt about sexual fantasy by age have unclear results—Knoth et al.
It associated guilt with an individual's fantasy "How guilty do you feel when you fantasize about Higher levels of guilt were found among women, couples in the 21—29 age range, shorter relationships and marriages, Republicans , and Roman Catholics ; lower levels in men, couples in the 41—76 range, longer relationships, Democrats , and Jews. Higher levels of jealousy were found in women, couples in the 21—29 range, Roman Catholics and non-Jewish religious affiliations; lower levels were found in men, couples in the 41—76 range, and Jews and the non-religious.
Joanbanjo Deviant sexual fantasies[ edit ] Deviant sexual fantasies are sexual fantasies which involve illegal, nonconsensual, and sadistic themes. It is based on factors like history, society, culture and politics.
When a study used statistical analysis and the Wilson sex fantasy questionnaire to investigate atypical fantasies, having zoophilllic or pedophillic fantasies were found to be rare and only 7 themes including urination, crossdressing , rape etc. Sexual crimes such as sexual homicides are quite rare  because most deviant sexual fantasizers never engaged in deviant sexual behaviors  and are not at risk of engaging in sexual crimes. Risk factors[ edit ] Deviant and sadistic sexual fantasies are believed to be the underlying risk factors for sexual crimes.
For example, most rapists report both early traumatic experiences and sexually deviant fantasies   and sex murders of children reported a significantly more pre-crime childhood sexual abuse and deviant sexual fantasies than sexual murderers of women.
Produced by Lewis Bald in Sadistic sexual fantasies[ edit ] Sadistic themes are consistently present in the sexual fantasies of offenders across various types of sexual crimes and varying risk factors. The capitalization of the Fifty Shades trilogy changed the perception of BDSM from being extreme, marginalized and dangerous to being fun fashionable and exciting.
Childhood abuse plays a significant role in determining if sadistic fantasies will be tried out in real life. MacCulloch and colleagues  have suggested that the early traumatic experiences cause the early development of sadistic fantasies through sensory preconditioning and this might be the reason offenders find it too difficult to restrain themselves from trying out their sadistic fantasies in real life.