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October Learn how and when to remove this template message State protections and prohibitions regarding romantic or sexual same-sex couples vary by jurisdiction. In some locations, same-sex couples are extended full marriage rights just as opposite-sex couples, and in other locations they may be extended limited protections or none at all.
Policy also varies regarding the adoption of children by same-sex couples. In their essential psychological respects, these relationships were regarded as equivalent to opposite-sex relationships in a brief amici curiae of the American Psychological Association, California Psychological Association, American Psychiatric Association, National Association of Social Workers, and National Association of Social Workers, California Chapter.
Same-sex marriage , Civil union , and Domestic partnership Two men marrying in Amsterdam within the first month that marriage was opened to same-sex couples in the Netherlands Government recognition of same-sex marriage is available in twenty-one countries Argentina , Belgium , Brazil , Canada , Colombia , Denmark , [nb 1] Finland , France , Iceland , Ireland , Luxembourg , the Netherlands , [nb 2] New Zealand , [nb 3] Norway , Portugal , Spain , South Africa , Sweden , the United Kingdom , [nb 4] the United States [nb 5] and Uruguay and several sub-national jurisdictions allow same-sex couples to marry.
Bills legalizing same-sex marriage have been proposed, are pending, or have passed at least one legislative house in Austria , Australia , Chile , Germany ,  Hungary , Nepal , Switzerland and Taiwan , as well as in the legislatures of several sub-national jurisdictions Jersey , Norfolk Island and most states of Mexico. Other countries, including the majority of European nations, Chile , and Ecuador , have enacted laws allowing civil unions or domestic partnerships, designed to give gay couples similar rights as married couples concerning legal issues such as inheritance and immigration.
Same-sex couples can legally marry in all US states and receive both state-level and federal benefits. Though more than 30 states have constitutional restrictions on marriage, all states must recognize same-sex marriages following the U. Supreme Court 's ruling in Obergefell v.
All the laws restricting marriage to one man and one woman are therefore unconstitutional and unenforceable. LGBT parenting Male same-sex couple with their child. LGBT parenting is when lesbian , gay , bisexual , and transgender LGBT people are parents to one or more children, either as biological or non-biological parents.
Same-sex male couples face options which include: In the U. Census , 33 percent of female same-sex couple households and 22 percent of male same-sex couple households reported at least one child under eighteen living in their home.
In January , the European Court of Human Rights ruled that same-sex couples have the right to adopt a child.
More than 25 years of research have documented that there is no relationship between parents' sexual orientation and any measure of a child's emotional, psychosocial, and behavioral adjustment. This data has demonstrated no risk to children as a result of growing up in a family with one or more gay parents. The methodologies used in the major studies of same-sex parenting meet the standards for research in the field of developmental psychology and psychology generally.
They constitute the type of research that members of the respective professions consider reliable. This pattern clearly has not been observed. Given the consistent failures in this research literature to disprove the null hypothesis, the burden of empirical proof is on those who argue that the children of sexual minority parents fare worse than the children of heterosexual parents. As in heterosexual relationships, some same-sex relationships are meant to be temporary, casual, or anonymous sex.
Other relationships are more permanent, being in committed relationship with one another and not having sexual relationships with anyone else. Some are open relationships , and while committed to each other, allow themselves and their partner to have relationships with others.
The names of legal same-sex relationships vary depending on the laws of the land. Same-sex relationships may be legally recognized in the form of marriage, civil unions, domestic partnerships, or registered partnerships. Sexual orientation[ edit ] Individuals may or may not express their sexual orientation in their behaviors.