This is very important information for two reasons. The first is that female plants are the only marijuana plants that will produce the buds growers are looking for; males are reserved solely for fertilization and creating seeds.
But truthfully, waiting until this point is risky. If the males and females are in the same room, the males could pollinate an entire crop at any moment, and even moving them could cause those pollen sacs to split and fertilize any females nearby. Instead, growers are better off looking for signs of sex before the plants begin flowering. Male plants grown outdoors will exhibit different growth signs than their female counterparts, and this can be a good way to identify males and females.
The vegetative stage is the first stage of growth for marijuana plants. This is the time when they get bigger and rounder, and are simply focused on growth. Male plants on the other hand, are spindlier and typically focus on growing taller rather than wider. Male plants are often not as filled out, with fewer branches and fewer leaves on them.
These signs are typically displayed only when plants are grown outdoors. These signs are no indication that the plant needs to be removed from the crop, but they can give growers a good idea of what plants to keep an eye on. Female plants do not have these white flowers, as they release the pollen which is to then pollinate the females. This sudden growth, near the end of the vegetative stage, is the best way to determine the sex of marijuana plants before they actually flower.
Cloning is a simple process of taking a cutting from a plant and placing it in a growing medium so that a whole new plant grows. Because the new plant is a clone, it will be identical to the plant it was taken from, including its gender. Of course, it does no good to simply clone plants and have them grow at the same rate, as they will show signs of their sex at the same time, or even a bit later, than the original plants.
To expedite the process, growers must force the clones into the flowering stage by using a light cycle of 12 hours of light followed by 12 hours of complete darkness. Because sexing clones depends on this light cycle, it cannot be done with auto-flowering plants. When this happens, the female plant will then be fertilized and will produce seed instead of the beautiful tightly-packed buds most growers are looking for. For this reason, male plants should be removed from the female plants before either begins to show signs of sacs or pistils.
What to do with male marijuana plants It is important to identify male plants, and to remove them as far as possible from the female plants. This is because the pollen from males is known to be undaunted in its quest to fertilize female plants, going so far as to travel through ventilation systems and traveling fairly long distances in order to do it.
For this reason, in the past many growers chose to completely destroy male marijuana plants, so there was no chance they could fertilize the females. The most obvious reason for keeping male marijuana plants is that they are necessary for breeding.
Once growers become more experienced and familiar with the process of growing, they often want to move on to breeding so they can create their very own strain. Just like in other parts of nature, in order to create a new genetic line, both males and females are needed and a strong male plant will help produce a strong line. Perhaps a less obvious reason to keep male plants around is that they can be great for the garden.
These terpenes deter pests from invading vegetable crops, and when the leaves and flowers are dried, they can actually be sprayed onto other plants as a pest deterrent. Of course, male plants should never be used to deter pests, mould and other nuisances from female plants, as they would be too close to them, but they can be used effectively with other crops. The stalks of male plants are also finer, yet stronger, than female plants, and this is useful when making hemp products.
Because the fibers are finer, they produce softer material that can be used for clothing and linens. In Hungary, male marijuana plants are revered for their fibrous stalks. Sexing seeds is done during the germination stage, when the seed just begins to sprout. However, if the sprout appears at the side of the seed, the plant is most likely male. When growers are looking for beautiful, potent buds, male and female plants simply cannot be grown near each other, so they need to be identified as early as possible.
There are many ways to do it and as growers become more familiar with the process, they will understand which one is easiest and works best for them. Posted on 3rd February , in.