Turkic migrations Today, many Central Asian populations are an amalgamation of various peoples such as Mongols, Turkics, and Iranians. The Mongol invasion of Central Asia in 13th century resulted in the massacre of the population of Iranians and other Indo-European peoples as well as a large degree of intermarriage and assimilation.
Caucasian ancestry is prevalent in almost all central Asian Turkic people. Kyrgyz have mostly European y-dna with substantial European mtdna. Other Turkic people like Uyghurs and Uzbeks have mostly European y-dna but also a significantly higher percentage of European mtdna.
Turkmen have predominantly European y-dna and mtdna. The Dutch missionary Antonius Hambroek , two of his daughters, and his wife were among the Dutch prisoners of war with Koxinga. Koxinga sent Hambroek to Fort Zeelandia demanding he persuade them to surrender or else Hambroek would be killed when he returned. Hambroek returned to the Fort, where two of his other daughters were.
He urged the Fort not to surrender, and returned to Koxinga's camp. He was then executed by decapitation, and in addition to this, a rumor was spreading among the Chinese that the Dutch were encouraging the native Taiwan aboriginals to kill Chinese, so Koxinga ordered the mass execution Dutch male prisoners in retaliation, in addition to a few women and children also being killed.
The surviving Dutch women and children were then turned into slaves. Koxinga took Hambroek's teenage daughter as a concubine,    and Dutch women were sold to Chinese soldiers to become their wives, the daily journal of the Dutch fort recorded that "the best were preserved for the use of the commanders, and then sold to the common soldiers.
Happy was she that fell to the lot of an unmarried man, being thereby freed from vexations by the Chinese women, who are very jealous of their husbands. The estimated population of Anglo-Indians is , worldwide with the majority living in India and the UK. Article 2 of the Indian Constitution defines Anglo-Indian as: Many Goans have a considerable amount of Portuguese in them, and tracing back family trees often proves that their family began with Portuguese people who lived many hundreds of years ago.
Many Goans today identify their nationality as Portuguese-Goan as they have much Portuguese ancestry and Portuguese surnames. Burma[ edit ] As with India, Burma was ruled by the British, from until Many European groups vied for control of the country before the British arrived. Intermarriage and mixed-relationships between these settlers and merchants with the local Burmese population, and subsequently between British colonists and the Burmese created a local Eurasian population, known as the Anglo-Burmese.
This group dominated colonial society and through the early years of independence. Most Anglo-Burmese now reside primarily in Australia, New Zealand and the UK since Burma received her independence in with an estimated 52, left behind in Burma. Sri Lanka[ edit ] Due to its strategic location in the Indian Ocean, the island of Sri Lanka has been a confluence for settlers from various parts of the world, which has resulted in the formation of several mixed-race ethnicities in the Island. The most notable mixed-race group are the Sri Lankan Moors , who trace their ancestry from Arab traders who settled on the island and intermarried with local women.
Today, The Sri Lankan Moors live primarily in urban communities, preserving their Arab-Islamic cultural heritage while adopting many Southern Asian customs. The Burghers are a Eurasian ethnic group, consisting for the most part of male-line descendants of European colonists from the 16th to 20th centuries mostly Portuguese, Dutch, German and British and local women, with some minorities of Swedish, Norwegian, French and Irish.
The Sri Lanka Kaffirs are an ethnic group partially descended from 16th-century Portuguese traders and the African slaves who were brought by them. The Kaffirs spoke a distinctive creole based on Portuguese, the Sri Lanka Kaffir language, now extinct. Their cultural heritage includes the dance styles Kaffringna and Manja, as well as the Portuguese Sinhalese, Creole, Afro-Sinhalese varieties.
Southeast Asia[ edit ] Singapore and Malaysia[ edit ] According to government statistics, the population of Singapore as of September was 4. In Singapore and Malaysia , the majority of inter-ethnic marriages are between Chinese and Indians. The offspring of such marriages are informally known as " Chindian ", though the Malaysian government only classifies them by their father's ethnicity. As the majority of these intermarriages usually involve an Indian groom and Chinese bride, the majority of Chindians in Malaysia are usually classified as " Indian " by the Malaysian government.
As for the Malays , who are predominantly Muslim , legal restrictions in Malaysia make it uncommon for them to intermarry with either the Indians, who are predominantly Hindu , or the Chinese, who are predominantly Buddhist and Taoist.
This was due to the first Tamil settlers taking local wives, since they did not bring along any of their own women with them. In the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak , there have been many incidents of intermarriage between Chinese and native tribes such as the Murut and Dusun in Sabah, and the Iban and Bisaya in Sarawak.
This phenomenon has resulted in a potpourri of cultures in both states where many people claiming to be of native descent have some Chinese blood in them, and many Chinese have native blood in them. The offspring of these mixed marriages are called "Sino- name of tribe ", e. Normally, if the father is Chinese, the offspring will adopt Chinese culture and if the father is native then native culture will be adopted, but this is not always the case.
These Sino-natives are usually fluent in Malay and English. A smaller number are able to speak Chinese dialects and Mandarin , especially those who have received education in vernacular Chinese schools.
Filipino mestizo The Philippines was a Spanish colony for almost four centuries or years, and by the United States for 46 years only.
The Philippines was under U. In , in the Treaty of Manila , the U. Recognized the Republic of the Philippines as an independent nation. Even after , the U. The bases closed in , leaving behind thousands of Amerasian children.
Buck International foundation estimates there are 52, Amerasians scattered throughout the Philippines with 5, in the Clark area of Angeles City. They have the largest number of interracial marriages among Asian immigrant groups, as documented in California. Some , Eurasians stayed in Vietnam, though after independence from French rule. At the census , Younger people were more likely to be multiracial; Fiji[ edit ] Fiji has long been a multi-ethnic country, with a vast majority of people having multi-racial heritages even if they do not self-identify in that manner.
The indigenous Fijians are of mixed Melanesian and Polynesian ancestry, resulting from years of migration of islanders from various places mixing with each other. Fiji Islanders from the Lau group have intermarried with Tongans and other Polynesians over the years. The Indo-Fijian population is also a hodge-podge of South Asian immigrants called Girmits in Fiji , who came as indentured labourers beginning in While a few of these labourers managed to bring wives, many of them either took or were given wives once they arrived in Fiji.
The Girmits, who are classified as simply "Indians" to this day, came from many parts of the Indian subcontinent of present-day India, Pakistan, and to a lesser degree Bangladesh and Myanmar. It is easy to recognize the Indian mixtures present in Fiji and see obvious traces of Southern and Northern Indians and other groups who have been categorised together. To some degree, even more of this phenomenon would have likely happened if the religious groups represented primarily Hindu, Muslim and Sikh had not resisted to some degree marriage between religious groups, which tended to be from more similar parts of the Indian subcontinent.
The latter are often descendents of shipwrecked sailors and settlers who came during the colonial period. Migration from a dozen or more different Pacific countries Tuvalu, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa, and Wallis and Futuna being the most prevalent have added to the various ethnicities and intermarriages. Ethnic groups[ edit ] This section contains embedded lists that may be poorly defined, unverified or indiscriminate.
Please help to clean it up to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Where appropriate, incorporate items into the main body of the article. May This section does not cite any sources.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Main article: Ethnic group The following is a list of ethnic divisions that may contain a mixture of two or more racial groups.