History[ edit ] The clan system in South Asia , involving various clans and sects, has always been a ground for segregated skill development.
In the region, occupational clans evolved over time providing specific skills to the society through hereditary exclusion from others. Being a blacksmith , goldsmith , shoemaker , or gardener etc. Thus, became hereditary professions of specific communities. Over time, a professional clan which favoured the society with services of prostitution also evolved. Men and women belonging to the community committed themselves to the sex trade, where men stayed as supportive influences and women were the main workers.
The non-elite had a parallel system, that of brothels, which evolved much later when they no longer were controlled by the kings and nobility was loosened. It coincided with the growth of sea-trade where sailors became good clientele for the low-ranking prostitutes.
During the British Raj , the earlier nobility was replaced by a new nobility composed of those who showed loyalty for the British. This new nobility was incapable of taking the role of patrons like earlier kings, and so the British provided much need patronage for the profession to grow and regulated the trade. The British colonialists enacted special laws, created "red light" areas and assigned the task of protecting women sex workers to law-enforcing agencies.
Municipalities overlooking the sex districts were given the responsibility of collecting taxes and providing health and sanitation services to the brothels.
These were well-developed and attracted both wealthy clients and those looking for singers and actresses. The prostitutes and associates in the sex-trade were named Kanjars. The prostitutes retained the hereditary character of their occupation and the social stigma. Attempts were also made to curb music and dancing. The hours for performance of the dancing girls were reduced to two hours every evening. Police checkpoints were established in all entrances of red-light districts during the hours of rehearsing or practising music where the names of the visitors in red-light areas were recorded in police register, frightening the clients away.
Those born into the profession are 'schooled' at home and operate under the management of their mother or another older female relative. In , approximately 20, minors were engaged in prostitution in Pakistan. Many sex workers in these cities operate from hotels or homes. Some cities have red-light districts, but due to illegal status of prostitution, many sex workers work in homes and other private facilities.
Prostitution in Pakistan is dispersed throughout urban areas in residential suburbs. In Karachi, many girls take on the occupation of call-girls independently; however most girls enter into prostitution after coming into contact with a pimp.
Some call girls work with the pimps under a fixed monthly amount, and the pimps provide police protection, shelter and bear daily expenses. Many call girls learn dance-forms like mujra to earn more money. These men acts as patron of these women who do not view their relationship in terms that of a client and a sex worker but as a loving relationship or as courtesan.
The children born by these relationships are supported by their father. British explorer Richard Francis Burton , who visited the Sindh region long before the British conquest, documented a brothel of boy prostitutes in Karachi.
Today many areas of large cities in the country have become virtual red-light districts for gay sex. Young male prostitutes generally find customers in places like dark alleys, crowded bus stops, shopping centres, cinemas, hotel lobbies, parks, railway stations, hospitals, school compounds, elevators of public buildings etc. Clients in these areas primarily consist of bus drivers and conductors, night watchmen, labourers from upcountry, policemen, low-income government officials, small-time businesspersons etc.
This is because while accompanying a client to his residence prostitutes become vulnerable to assault or robbery. Some prostitutes have sex with clients in the back seat of the client's car. They become involved in the profession to earn extra money, and often to get a job in the film industry.
Plainclothes police officers are often involved in the extortion and blackmail of male prostitutes. Moreover, despite growth of male prostitution and gay prostitution, homosexuality is outlawed in the nation.
Under Section of the Pakistan Penal Code , whoever voluntarily has "carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal" shall be punished by lashes and from 2 years to life imprisonment.
Police frequently take money or sex from people they know to be involved in commercial or non-commercial homosexual relationship. This remains a major element of the current Pakistani law. Selling person for purposes of prostitution, etc.
Buying person for purposes of prostitution, etc. Only the involvement of minors in prostitution was prohibited by law. Thus they were permitted to perform for three hours in the evening. This is the only legal cover they have obtained till date. Other carnal activities, red-light districts and brothels remain illegal business and operate as an open secret let be by offering huge sums in bribe to the police.
Many areas in Pakistan like Heera Mandi in Lahore and 12 No Chungi in Sargodha are govt licensed areas and police protect them due to some political reasons.