Kinsey Reports Kinsey is widely regarded as the first major figure in American sexology ; his research is cited as having paved the way for a deeper exploration into sexuality among sexologists and the general public, as well as liberating female sexuality.
Kinsey had been studying the variations in mating practices among gall wasps. During this time, he developed a scale measuring sexual orientation, now known as the Kinsey scale , which ranges from 0 to 6, where 0 is exclusively heterosexual and 6 is exclusively homosexual ; a rating of X for "no socio-sexual contacts or reactions" was later added.
In , Kinsey delivered a lecture to a faculty discussion group at Indiana University, his first public discussion of the topic, wherein he attacked the "widespread ignorance of sexual structure and physiology" and promoted his view that "delayed marriage" that is, delayed sexual experience was psychologically harmful. Kinsey obtained research funding from the Rockefeller Foundation , which enabled him to further study human sexual behavior.
These publications later became known as the Kinsey Reports. The Kinsey Reports, which led to a storm of controversy, are regarded by many as a precursor to the sexual revolution of the s and s. Controversial aspects[ edit ] Kinsey's research went beyond theory and interview to include observation of and participation in sexual activity, sometimes involving co-workers.
Kinsey justified this sexual experimentation as being necessary to gain the confidence of his research subjects. He encouraged his staff to do likewise, and to engage in a wide range of sexual activity, to the extent that they felt comfortable; he argued that this would help his interviewers understand the participants' responses.
Jones, author of Alfred C. Customs when they seized some pornographic films in ; he died before this matter was resolved legally. Little attention was paid to this part of Kinsey's research at the time, but where Kinsey had gained this information began to be questioned nearly 40 years later. Kinsey had seen the need for participant confidentiality and anonymity as necessary to gain "honest answers on such taboo subjects". Kinsey may have over-represented homosexuals, but Bullough considers that this may have been because homosexual behavior was stigmatized and needed to be better understood.
Time magazine declared, "Not since Gone With the Wind had booksellers seen anything like it. Now I don't have to draw 'em any blueprints We are both in the same business Except I saw it first. Kinsey appeared on the cover of the August 24, , issue of Time. Kinsey's work contains much that is valuable, but it must not be mistaken for the last word. The cause of death was reported to be a heart ailment and pneumonia. The untimely death of Dr. Kinsey takes from the American scene an important and valuable, as well as controversial, figure.
Whatever may have been the reaction to his findings—and to the unscrupulous use of some of them—the fact remains that he was first, last, and always a scientist. In the long run it is probable that the values of his contribution to contemporary thought will lie much less in what he found out than in the method he used and his way of applying it. Any sort of scientific approach to the problems of sex is difficult because the field is so deeply overlaid with such things as moral precept, taboo, individual and group training, and long established behavior patterns.
Some of these may be good in themselves, but they are no help to the scientific and empirical method of getting at the truth. Kinsey cut through this overlay with detachment and precision. His work was conscientious and comprehensive. Naturally, it will receive a serious setback with his death. Let us earnestly hope that the scientific spirit that inspired it will not be similarly impaired. Kinsey" appeared on the September 15, television episode of The Jack Benny Program as a bow-tied man interviewing a young woman on board a cruise ship that has left Hawaii.
Kinsey" identifies himself to Jack Benny , Benny steps away in embarrassment. Matt Sesow's paintings adorned the theater along with David Bickford playing piano live. Premiering in , the musical Dr. Sex focuses on the relationship between Kinsey, his wife, and their shared lover Wally Matthews based on Clyde Martin. It was produced off-Broadway in The biographical film Kinsey , written and directed by Bill Condon , stars Liam Neeson as the scientist and Laura Linney as his wife.
The following year, PBS produced the documentary Kinsey in cooperation with the Kinsey Institute , which allowed access to many of its files. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved October 22,