Apart from being not sure whether they will conceive, there are also many mysteries that surround sex during menopause time. To put this question in better perspective, we will have to delve into understanding what is menopause first before we evaluate whether it is safe to have sex during this period.
Menopause has two connotations; first as what it truly is and secondly as used in many conversations among women. In this section, we give clarity as to the meanings of each word for better understanding. Pre-Menopause; this is the duration of a woman that is just before starting to transition to menopause. The woman at this stage is at the height of her womanhood with regular periods and full hormonal functioning. This then sets in the process of transitioning to menopause. It is during this stage that a woman will experience menopause symptoms like hot flashes, irregular periods, night sweats, and vaginal dryness among others.
This then marks the end of her reproductive years. Protected sex Also commonly referred to as safe sex, is usually used among women and in general discussions to mean having sex that does not lead to unwanted pregnancy or acquisition of sexually transmitted diseases. Well, in the context of menopause discussions, safe sex is inclined much more to the prevention of unwanted pregnancies.
Unprotected sex during menopause Having understood the various terminologies involved in menopause, their meanings and their usage, we are better placed to discuss sex during menopause.
To start with, at the pre-menopause stage, having unprotected sex would present very high chances of not only getting pregnant but also contacting whatever sexually transmitted diseases that a sexual partner could have. During intercourse, a man releases sperms which would find ova and fertilize for conception and pregnancy. When a woman is peri-menopausal what majority of women refer to as menopause , there body is undergoing various changes due to the fluctuations in the levels of estrogen produced by the body.
There are times when the estrogen levels are low while there are times when the secretions of estrogen become erratic and hence pose very high chances of getting pregnant if a woman engages in unprotected sex. The general trend however during this peri-menopause period is for a woman to have low estrogen and therefore low possibility of having a pregnancy. After peri-menopause, a woman becomes menopausal.
At this time there are no more menstruation periods for this woman. This period comes with a lot of anticipation for many women. The body is finally adapting to the low levels of estrogen and therefore most of the menopausal symptoms are diminishing.
In addition, many women no longer have fear for unwanted pregnancies and therefore, can freely engage in sex. Caution should, however, be sounded that unless one has gone for twelve months without having their periods, or unless one has gone for tests to ascertain that they are menopausal, they should not engage in unprotected sex during this period, especially so if they do not want unwanted pregnancies.
After menopause, a woman can freely engage in unprotected sex with a trusted partner. While it is true that many women may not be as active sexually as when they were young could be as a result of the menopausal symptoms like dry vagina , research has shown that there are other women whose menopausal experience gets them having increased libido and would desire to go on with sex just like before.
There could be body changes as well as hormonal changes, but this should not stop those who have the desire for sex to stop having it. Conclusion So is it safe to have unprotected sex during menopause? During peri-menopause, there are irregular periods that go on among peri-menopausal women that would actually present an opportunity to get pregnant whenever there is an ovulation.
If the word menopause is used to refer to the period when a woman has stopped having her periods and is infertile, then having unprotected sex could mean no pregnancy at all for the woman.