Important Dates in U. Women's History Study important and monumental events in women's history with this timeline. Grades 3—5, 6—8, 9—12 A chronology of events in women's history in the United States, from the Salem Witch Trials in the seventeen century to the fight for women's suffrage to the modern Supreme Court ruling against sexual harassment in the workplace.
New Jersey grants women the vote in its state constitution. Anne Hutchinson is banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony for heresy. Abigail Adams makes plea to her husband: Sarah Pierce establishes first institution in America for higher education of women, in Litchfield, Connecticut.
Kentucky widows with children in school are granted "school suffrage," the right to vote in school board elections. Maria Mitchell discovers a new comet, wins a medal from the King of Denmark.
Lucretia Mott, Martha C. They decide to call a two-day meeting of women at the Wesleyan Methodist chapel in Seneca Falls to discuss women's rights. July 19 and 20, Three hundred people attend the first convention held to discuss women's rights, in Seneca Falls, New York; 68 women and 32 men sign the "Declaration of Sentiments," including the first formal demand made in the United States for women's right to vote: Amy Post, Sarah D. Owen, and Mary H. Hallowell convene a women's rights convention in Rochester, New York.
Abigail Bush chairs the public meeting, a first for American women. Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first licensed woman physician in the United States. Isabella Van Wegener adopted the name Sojourner Truth in and became an itinerant preacher.
In she began speaking out widely for women's rights. Harriet Tubman joined the Underground Railroad efforts, leading slaves to freedom. April 19 and 20, In Salem, Ohio, women take complete control of their women's rights convention, refusing men any form of participation apart from attendance. It draws 1, people, and women's movement leaders gain national attention. Annual national conferences continue to be held through except in The "Bloomer costume" is adopted to urge dress reform for women.
May 28 and 29, Sojourner Truth's spontaneous "Ain't I a Woman? With a masthead declaring it to be "A Paper Devoted to the Elevation of Woman," it is acknowledged as the first feminist newspaper of the woman's rights movement. Lucy Stone marries Henry Blackwell and keeps her birth name, inspiring generations to follow suit.
Women in Kansas are granted the vote in school board elections. Eleventh National Woman's Rights Convention is held.
The American Equal Rights Association is formed at the end of the convention, and the members pledge to achieve suffrage for both women and black Americans. Kansas puts a woman suffrage amendment proposal on the ballot. The first time the question goes to a direct vote, it loses. The Fourteenth Amendment is ratified, including the word "male" for the first time in the Constitution.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Parker Pillsbury publish the first edition of The Revolution, which becomes one of the most important radical periodicals of the women's movement, although it circulates for less than three years.
In Vineland, New Jersey, women cast ballots in a separate box during the presidential election, inspiring similar demonstrations elsewhere in following years. The federal women's suffrage amendment is first introduced in Congress by Senator S. Wyoming Territory grants women the vote in all elections. The federal women's suffrage amendment is introduced as a Joint Resolution to both Houses of Congress by Rep. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton to achieve the vote through a Congressional amendment, while also addressing other women's rights issues.
The American Woman Suffrage Association is formed by Lucy Stone, Henry Blackwell, and other more conservative activists to work exclusively for woman suffrage, focusing on amending individual state constitutions. Women in Wyoming become the first to vote following the granting of territorial status.
Victoria Woodhull addresses the House Judiciary Committee, arguing women's right to vote under the 14th Amendment. Victoria Woodhull becomes a Presidential candidate on her own ticket. Anthony is arrested in New York for casting a ballot with 15 other women. Michigan and Minnesota give women the "school vote. Sargent California introduces a woman suffrage amendment, the wording of which remains unchanged until it is finally passed by Congress in Both houses of Congress appoint Select Committees on Woman Suffrage, and both report the measure favorably.
Alice Paul's birthday Kansas grants women municipal suffrage. The first vote on woman suffrage is taken in the Senate, where it is defeated. The American Federation of Labor declares support for a woman suffrage amendment. The South Dakota campaign for woman suffrage loses. Wyoming is admitted to the Union, becoming the first state since New Jersey — to grant women full enfranchisement in its state constitution.
Colorado adopts a constitutional amendment. Utah joins the Union, granting women full suffrage. Idaho adopts a state constitutional amendment enfranchising women. Women's Trade Union League is founded to support working women.
Washington State adopts a state constitutional amendment enfranchising women after defeats in and It had twice had woman suffrage by enactment of the territorial legislature and lost it by court decisions. About 3, suffrage supporters march in the second New York City parade, with an estimated 10, onlookers. National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage is founded. The Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire in New York City, where more than people died mostly female, including many teenagers , results in the largest female strike to date and eventually, workplace safety protective legislation for workers.
The first-ever open-air suffrage meeting was conducted in Philadelphia by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, part of a long and popular series. The most elaborate campaign ever mounted for suffrage succeeds in California by only 3, votes, an average of one vote in every precinct in the state.
This followed a defeat in Hadassah was founded by Henrietta Szold. Oregon and Kansas adopt constitutional amendments after defeats of previous campaigns. Arizona adopts a constitutional amendment submitted as a result of referendum petitions. Their efforts revive the moribund issue. Their first office is at F Street, Washington, D. On the day preceding President Wilson's inauguration, 8, suffragists parade in Washington, D.
They are mobbed by abusive crowds along the way. Militant Emeline Pankhurst, leader of the British militant suffragists, arrives from England to undertake a speaking tour. The Territory of Alaska adopts woman suffrage. It is the first bill approved by the Governor. Illinois grants women presidential suffrage. Montana and Nevada both adopt constitutional amendments on first submissions. A bequest from Mrs. A transcontinental tour by suffragists, including Mabel Vernon and Sara Bard Field, gathers over a half-million signatures on petitions to Congress.
Police close down Margaret Sanger's birth-control clinic. Jeannette Rankin becomes the first woman elected to Congress. In a publicity stunt, suffragists fly over President Wilson's yacht and drop suffrage amendment petitions.
New York adopts a constitutional amendment after defeat in Arkansas secures primary suffrage. National Woman's Party picketers appear in front of the White House holding aloft two banners: Jeannette Rankin of Montana is formally seated in the U. House of Representatives as the first woman elected to Congress. Arrests of the National Woman's Party picketers begin on charges of obstructing traffic. Their inhumane treatment in jail creates a cadre of martyrs for the suffrage cause.
November 27 and 28, In response to public outcry and jailers' inability to stop the National Woman's Party picketers' hunger strikes, the government unconditionally releases the picketers.
Michigan, South Dakota, and Oklahoma adopt constitutional amendments after defeats of previous campaigns.
Texas secures primary suffrage by legislative enactment. President Wilson first states his public support of the federal woman suffrage amendment. The House votes to , precisely two-thirds in favor of a suffrage amendment, but the Senate failed to pass the amendment.