Diseases can be spread through body fluids, such as saliva, blood, vomit, and semen. Do not inject drugs. People take more risks when intoxicated. Do not share needles or any devices that can break the skin. That includes needles for tattoos, piercings, and acupuncture. If you receive medical or dental care, make sure the equipment is disinfected or sanitized. Know how to get medical care while traveling Plan for how you will get health care during your trip, should the need arise: Carry a list of local doctors and hospitals at your destination.
Review your health insurance plan to determine what medical services it would cover during your trip. Consider purchasing travel health and medical evacuation insurance. Carry a card that identifies, in the local language, your blood type, chronic conditions or serious allergies, and the generic names of any medications you take.
Some prescription drugs may be illegal in other countries. Bring all the medicines including over-the-counter medicines you think you might need during your trip, including extra in case of travel delays.
Ask your doctor to help you get prescriptions filled early if you need to. Many foreign hospitals and clinics are accredited by the Joint Commission International. A list of accredited facilities is available at their website www. In some countries, medicine prescription and over-the-counter may be substandard or counterfeit. Bring the medicines you will need from the United States to avoid having to buy them at your destination. Malaria is a risk in some parts of Thailand.
If you are going to a risk area, fill your malaria prescription before you leave, and take enough with you for the entire length of your trip. Select safe transportation Motor vehicle crashes are the 1 killer of healthy US citizens in foreign countries.
In many places cars, buses, large trucks, rickshaws, bikes, people on foot, and even animals share the same lanes of traffic, increasing the risk for crashes. Walking Be smart when you are traveling on foot.
Use sidewalks and marked crosswalks. Pay attention to the traffic around you, especially in crowded areas. Remember, people on foot do not always have the right of way in other countries. Ride only in cars that have seatbelts. Avoid overcrowded, overloaded, top-heavy buses and minivans. Avoid riding on motorcycles or motorbikes, especially motorbike taxis. Many crashes are caused by inexperienced motorbike drivers. Choose newer vehicles—they may have more safety features, such as airbags, and be more reliable.
Choose larger vehicles, which may provide more protection in crashes. Think about the driver. Do not drive after drinking alcohol or ride with someone who has been drinking. Consider hiring a licensed, trained driver familiar with the area. Arrange payment before departing. Wear a seatbelt at all times. Sit in the back seat of cars and taxis. When on motorbikes or bicycles, always wear a helmet.
Bring a helmet from home, if needed. Avoid driving at night; street lighting in certain parts of Thailand may be poor. Do not use a cell phone or text while driving illegal in many countries. Travel during daylight hours only, especially in rural areas. If you choose to drive a vehicle in Thailand, learn the local traffic laws and have the proper paperwork.
Get any driving permits and insurance you may need. Check with your auto insurance policy's international coverage, and get more coverage if needed. Make sure you have liability insurance.
Flying Avoid using local, unscheduled aircraft. If possible, fly on larger planes more than 30 seats ; larger airplanes are more likely to have regular safety inspections.
Try to schedule flights during daylight hours and in good weather. Medical Evacuation Insurance If you are seriously injured, emergency care may not be available or may not meet US standards. Trauma care centers are uncommon outside urban areas. Having medical evacuation insurance can be helpful for these reasons. Includes tips on driving in other countries, International Driving Permits, auto insurance, and other resources.
For information traffic safety and road conditions in Thailand, see Travel and Transportation on US Department of State's country-specific information for Thailand. Traffic flows on the left side of the road in Thailand. Always pay close attention to the flow of traffic, especially when crossing the street. Hide Maintain personal security Use the same common sense traveling overseas that you would at home, and always stay alert and aware of your surroundings.
Before you leave Research your destination s , including local laws, customs, and culture. Monitor travel warnings and alerts and read travel tips from the US Department of State. Leave a copy of your itinerary, contact information, credit cards, and passport with someone at home.
Pack as light as possible, and leave at home any item you could not replace. While at your destination s Carry contact information for the nearest US embassy or consulate. Carry a photocopy of your passport and entry stamp; leave the actual passport securely in your hotel. Follow all local laws and social customs.
Do not wear expensive clothing or jewelry. Always keep hotel doors locked, and store valuables in secure areas. If possible, choose hotel rooms between the 2nd and 6th floors. To call for emergency services while in Thailand, dial for an ambulance, for the fire department, and for the police.
Write these numbers down to carry with you on your trip. Learn as much as you can about Thailand before you travel there. A good place to start is the country-specific information on Thailand from the US Department of State.