White , Black , Mestizo The study found that in This compares to 8. Other combinations consists of pairings between different minority groups, multi-racial people, and American Indians. Among all newlyweds in , native-born Hispanics and Asians were far more likely to intermarry than foreign-born Hispanics and Asians: Foreign-born excludes immigrants who arrived married. Gender patterns in intermarriage vary widely.
Among Asians, the gender pattern runs the other way. Among whites and Hispanics, by contrast, there are no gender differences in intermarriage rates. Rates of intermarriages among newlyweds in the U. However, different groups experienced different trends. Rates more than doubled among whites and nearly tripled among blacks. But for both Hispanics and Asians, rates were nearly identical in and These seemingly contradictory trends were driven by the heavy, ongoing Hispanic and Asian immigration wave of the past four decades.
For whites and blacks, these immigrants and, increasingly, their U. But for Hispanics and Asians, the ongoing immigration wave has also enlarged the pool of potential partners for in-group marriage. There is a strong regional pattern to intermarriage. Blacks say this at higher rates than do whites; younger adults at higher rates than older adults; and Westerners at higher rates than people living in other regions of the country.
Among all newlyweds, 9. Among all newlyweds, intermarried pairings were primarily White-Hispanic Among all newlyweds, native-born Hispanics and Asians were far more likely to intermarry than foreign-born Hispanics and Asians: Interracial marriage by pairing Asian and White An Asian bride and White groom at their wedding Marriages between European Americans and Asian Americans are increasingly common for both genders in the United States.
Of all the Asian American groups studied, Indian Americans showed the highest rates of endogamy, with the overwhelming majority of Indian American women and men marrying Indian American partners. Indian Americans were also the only Asian American group with higher outmarriage for men, whereas all other Asian American groups had higher outmarriage for women.
By , 28 states prohibited certain forms of interracial marriage. Asians in California were barred by anti-miscegenation laws from marrying White Americans a group including Hispanic Americans. Das, was stripped of her American citizenship for her marriage to an " alien ineligible for citizenship. Los Angeles County ; however the legislature quickly moved to amend the laws to prohibit such marriages as well in the aftermath of the case.
Bratter and Rosalind B. In the 17th century, when Filipinos were under Spanish rule, the Spanish colonists ensured a Filipino trade between the Philippines and the Americas.
When the Mexicans revolted against the Spanish, the Filipinos first escaped into Mexico, then traveled to Louisiana, where the exclusively male Filipinos married Native American women. Le estimated that among Asian Americans of the 1. Historically, Chinese American men married African American women in high proportions to their total marriage numbers due to few Chinese American women being in the United States.
After the Emancipation Proclamation , many Chinese Americans immigrated to the Southern states, particularly Arkansas , to work on plantations. Many countries in Latin America have large Mestizo populations; in many cases, mestizos are the largest ethnic group in their respective countries. Native American and Black Further information: Black Indians In the United States, interracial unions between Native Americans and African Americans have also existed throughout the 16th through early 20th century resulting in some African Americans having Native American heritage.
Throughout American history, there has been frequent mixing between Native Americans and black Africans. When Native Americans invaded the European colony of Jamestown, Virginia in , they killed the Europeans but took the African slaves as captives, gradually integrating them.
Interracial relationships occurred between African Americans and members of other tribes along coastal states. During the transitional period of Africans becoming the primary race enslaved, Native Americans were sometimes enslaved with them. Africans and Native Americans worked together, some even intermarried and had mixed children.
The relationship between Africans and Native-Americans was seen as a threat to Europeans and European-Americans, who actively tried to divide Native-Americans and Africans and put them against each other. At the same time, the early slave population in America was disproportionately male.
Records show that some Native American women bought African men as slaves. Unknown to European sellers, the women freed and married the men into their tribe.
Some African men chose Native American women as their partners because their children would be free, as the child's status followed that of the mother. The men could marry into some of the matrilineal tribes and be accepted, as their children were still considered to belong to the mother's people. As European expansion increased in the Southeast, African and Native American marriages became more numerous. Historically, interracial marriage in the United States was of great public opposition often a taboo ,  especially among whites.
Marriage squeeze A term has arisen to describe the social phenomenon of the so-called "marriage squeeze" for African American females. Religion and interracial marriage Historically, many American religions disapproved of interracial marriage.
Biblical literalists are less likely to support interracial marriage to Asians and Latinos. Whites who attend multiracial congregations or engage in devotional religious practices are more likely to support interracial marriages.
Children with a religious upbringing in non-Western states, particularly the South, were less likely to have interracially dated than those without religious upbringings. Catholics were twice as likely to be in an interracial marriage than the general population.
For example, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints recommends against interracial marriages , but does not prohibit it. For instance, female immigrants of African descent are more likely to marry U.