It loves warm, dark, moist places, particularly the gastrointestinal tract and the vagina where as many as 20 percent of women of reproductive age harbor Candida.
The most common species by far is Candida albicans. And these overgrowths of yeast like Candida albicans can affect men, as well as women.
What causes yeast infections? Common culprits for this imbalance are antibiotic use, frequent sexual intercourse, irritating soaps or deodorants, wearing tight-fitting undergarments, or any exposure to a hot and humid environment.
The role diet plays in increasing the risk of a yeast infection is unclear, but candidal infections are more common in people with diabetes. They are sometimes the first clue to the presence of diabetes. How serious are they? Your provider will diagnose thrush by identifying the typical white lesions, often on a reddish background, commonly found on the tongue and oral mucosa.
Serious, even life-threatening yeast infections can occur, but these are almost exclusively limited to immunocompromised patients or patients who have undergone an invasive procedure e. Can men get yeast infections? Although uncommon, men can get a yeast infection by having unprotected sex with a woman with candidal vaginitis. It usually appears as small white spots, redness, or a dry, peeling rash on the penis accompanied by itching, irritation, or burning.
Men who have not been circumcised are at an increased risk. How do you treat a male yeast infection? Even untreated, it often goes away by itself, but it can sometimes spread to the scrotum, inner thighs and buttocks. Luckily, treatment is simple: Over-the-counter or prescription antifungal creams used twice a day for between one to three weeks will clear the infection. An oral antifungal drug such as fluconazole is also almost always effective.
Treatment, again, is simple and effective — either an oral pill such as fluconazole, an antifungal mouthwash, or antifungal lozenges. In that case, thrush may be a symptom of candidal esophagitis, an irritation, inflammation, or swelling of the esophagus.
Your provider will need to perform an upper endoscopy and sometimes a biopsy to diagnose candidal esophagitis. Any general advice posted on our blog, website, or app is for informational purposes only and is not intended to replace or substitute for any medical or other advice. If you have specific concerns or a situation arises in which you require medical advice, you should consult with an appropriately trained and qualified medical services provider.